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5 Questions as AI-Powered Tools Inundate Healthcare

Michael LeTang, MS, RN-BC, CCRN-K, Vice President, Chief Nursing Informatics Officer, Healthcare Risk Advisors, Part of TDC Group

Executive Summary

Long before ChatGPT drew widespread public attention, artificial intelligence (AI) was progressively transforming various aspects of medical care, such as diagnostics, treatment planning, and remote patient monitoring. The integration of AI into healthcare settings parallels the digital advancements witnessed with electronic health records (EHR), patient portals, mobile health (mHealth), and wearables.

Not everyone welcomes these developments, but skeptics may be relieved to know that in certain cases, AI applications are ameliorating medical professionals’ struggles with the mixed blessings of EHRs and other prior innovations. Even those completely uninterested in AI may benefit from it, because AI can play an integral role in medical research by accelerating the discovery of new treatments and therapies. Further, through assisting clinicians with risk stratification and other population health projects, AI-powered tools can contribute to improved patient outcomes overall.

In practice, integrating AI into medical decision-making requires skilled healthcare professionals who can discern accurate information from inaccurate or false decision support. AI systems cannot supplant human expertise. Instead, AI-powered tools can serve as algorithmic support and digital medical assistants that expand clinical acumen and bolster healthcare providers in delivering optimal care. As AI technology continues to advance and integrate seamlessly with other healthcare technologies, it plays a pivotal role in enhancing diagnostic accuracy, optimizing clinical workflows, and promoting personalized medicine, leading to improved patient care and outcomes.

The guidelines suggested here are not rules, do not constitute legal advice, and do not ensure a successful outcome. The ultimate decision regarding the appropriateness of any treatment must be made by each healthcare provider considering the circumstances of the individual situation and in accordance with the laws of the jurisdiction in which the care is rendered.